This bibliography focuses on works that consciously address the intersection of religion and literature, along with the theory that provides a matrix for those works. Studies based in specific areas such as British modernism, childhood studies, or African American literature will appear under Tailored Resources.  

Categories: click on the topic to go directly to the section

Belief; the Bible; Companions; Journal Special Issues; Literary Theory and Christian Theology; Methodology; Poetics; Poets and Novelists on Religion and Literature; Post-Secular Theory; the Qur’an; Religion and Literature (General); Religious Criticism; Religious Imagination; Religious Ways of Reading; Theology (Modern); Theology and Literature; Theory

Journal Special Issues (21st century)

“Littérature et religion.” Cahiers de littérature française 2022. 21 (2023).

“Religion, Criticism, and the Postcritical.” LIT: Literature Interpretation Theory 32.1-2 (2021).

“After the Postsecular.” American Literature. 86.4 (2014).

“American Literatures/American Religions.” American Literary History. 26.1 (2014).

“Mellon Special Issue: Literature and Religion for the Humanities.” Religion and Literature. 46.2-3 (2014).

“Methods for the Study of Religion in Early American Literature.” Early American Literature. 45.1 (2010).

“Seminar on Christian Scholarship and the Religious Turn in Literary Studies.” Christianity and Literature. 58.2 (2009).

“What is Religion and Literature?” Religion and Literature. 41.2 (2009).

“Literary History and the Religious Turn.” English Language Notes. 44.1 (2006).

Recent Companions and Handbooks

Felch, Susan, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Literature and Religion. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Knight, Mark, ed. The Routledge Companion to Literature and Religion. New York: Routledge, 2016.

Weidner, Daniel, ed. Handbuch Literatur und Religion. Stuttgart: Metzler, 2016.

Theory, including the “Religious Turn

Agamben, Giorgio. Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life. Trans. Daniel Heller-Roazen. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998.

—–. “The ‘Dark Night’ of Juan de la Cruz.” Trans. Alberto Parisi. PMLA, vol. 137, no. 3, 2022, pp. 489-496. 

—–. The Time That Remains: A Commentary on the Letter to the Romans. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2005.

Bataille, Georges. The Theory of Religion. 1973. Trans. Robert Hurley. New York: ZoneBooks, 1992.

Badiou, Alain. Saint Paul: The Foundation of Universalism. Trans. Ray Brassier. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003.  

Blanchot, Maurice. The Infinite Conversation. Trans. Susan Hanson. University of Minnesota Press, 1992. 

Buber, Martin. I and Thou. 1923. Trans. Ronald Gregor Smith. Mansfield Center, CT: Martino Publishing, 2010.

Derrida, Jacques. Acts of Religion. Ed. Gil Anidjan. New York: Routledge, 2001.

——. “How to Avoid Speaking: Denials.” Languages of the Unsayable: The Play of Negativity in Literature and Literary Theory. Ed. Sanford Budick and Wolfgang Iser. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1987. 3-70.

Eagleton, Terry. Reason, Faith, and Revolution: Reflections on the God Debate. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009.

Foucault, Michel. The Hermeneutics of the Subject. Ed. Frédéric Gros. Trans. Graham Burchell. New York: Picador, 2005. 

Girard, Réne. I See Satan Fall Like Lightning. Mayknoll, NY: Orbis, 2001.

Irigaray, Luce. “La Mystérique.” Speculum of the Other Woman. Trans. Gillian C. Gill. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1974. 191-202.

Kristeva, Julia. New Maladies of the Soul. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.

Levinas, Emmanuel. Alterity and Transcendence. Trans. Michael B. Smith. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.

——. Otherwise than Being or Beyond Essence. Trans. Alphonso Lingis. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1981.

—–. Totality and Infinity. An Essay on Interiority. Trans. Alphonso Lingis. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 1969.

Marion, Jean-Luc. The Crossing of the Visible. Trans. James Smith. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2003.

—–. The Visible and the Revealed. Trans. Christina M. Gschwandtner and others. New York: Fordham University Press, 2008. 

Nancy, Jean Luc. Adoration: The Deconstruction of Christianity II. Trans. John McKeane. New York: Fordham University Press, 2012.

Ricoeur, Paul. Time and Narrative. 3 vols. Trans. Kathleen McLaughlin and David Pellauer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

—–. The Critique of Religion and the Language of Faith. Trans. R. Bradley DeFord. New York: Union Theological Seminary, 1971.

—–. The Symbolism of Evil. Trans. Emerson Buchanan. New York: Harper & Row, 1967.  

Weil, Simone. Gravity and Grace. 1952. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Žižek, Slavoj. The Fragile Absolute: Or, Why is the Christian Legacy Worth Fighting For? New York: Verso, 2000.

—-—. The Puppet and the Dwarf: The Perverse Core of Christianity. Boston, MA: MIT Press, 2003.

Žižek, Slavoj and John Milbank. The Monstrosity of Christ: Paradox or Dialectic. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2009. 

Post-Secular Theory

Asad, Talal. Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003. 

Asad, Talal; Brown, Wendy; Butler, Judith; and Mahmood, Saba. Is Critique Secular? Blasphemy, Injury, and Free Speech. New York: Fordham University Press, 2013.

Berger, Peter, ed. The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 1999.

Blond, Phillip, ed. Post-Secular Philosophy: Between Philosophy and Theology. New York: Routledge, 1998.

Braidotti, Rosi. “In Spite of the Times: The Postsecular Turn in Feminism.” Theory, Culture & Society 25.6 (2008): 1-24.

Branch, Lori. “Postsecular Studies.” The Routledge Companion to Literature and Religion. Ed. Mark Knight. New York: Routledge, 2016. 91-101.

Calhoun, Craig J.; Juergensmeyer, Mark; and VanAntwerpen, Jonathan, eds. Rethinking Secularism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Casanova, José. Public Religions in the Modern World. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1994.

Dalferth, Ingolf U. “Post-Secular Society: Christianity and the Dialectics of the Secular.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion. 78.2 (2010): 317-345.

Deo, Nandini, ed. Postsecular Feminisms. New York: Bloomsbury, 2020.

DeVries, Hent and Lawrence E. Sullivan, eds. Political Theologies: Public Religions in a Post-Secular World. New York: Fordham University Press, 2006.

During, Simon. Exit Capitalism: Literary Culture, Theory, and Post-Secular Modernity. New York: Routledge, 2010.

——. “Toward the Postsecular.” PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Association of America. 120.3 (May 2005): 876-77.

Fessenden, Tracy. Culture and Redemption: Religion, the Secular, and American Literature. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007.

——. “The Problem of the Postsecular.” American Literary History. 26.1 (2014): 154-167.

“Forum: Locating the Post-secular.” Religion and Literature. 41.3 (2009).

Franchot, Jenny. “Invisible Domain: Religion and American Literary Studies.” American Literary History. 67.4 (1995): 833-842.

Furani, Khaled. “Is there a Postsecular?” Journal of the American Academy of Religion. 83.1 (2015): 1-26. 

Gorski, Philip, David Kyuman Kim, John Torpey, and Jonathan VanAntwerpen, eds. The Post-Secular in Question: Religion in Contemporary Society. [Brooklyn, NY]: Social Sciences Research Council, 2012.

Habermas, Jürgen. “Secularism’s Crisis of Faith: Notes on Post-secular Society.” New Perspectives Quarterly. 25 (2008): 17-29.

Jakobsen, Janet R, and Ann Pellegrini, ed. Secularisms. Duke University Press, 2008.

Lacoue-Labarthe, Philippe and Jean-Luc Nancy. Retreating the Political. Trans. Simon Sparks. London: Routledge, 1997.

Luckmann, Thomas. The Invisible Religion : The Problem of Religion in Modern Society. New York: Macmillan, 1967. 

Mahmood, Saba. “Secularity, History, Literature.” Religious Difference in a Secular Age: A Minority Report. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2016. 

McClure, John A. “Post-Modern/Post-Secular: Contemporary Fiction and Spirituality.” Modern Fiction Studies. 411 (1995): 141-163.  

Nancy, Jean Luc. Adoration: The Deconstruction of Christianity II. Trans. John McKeane. New York: Fordham University Press, 2012.

Ni, Zhange. The Pagan Writes Back: When World Religion Meets World Literature. University of Virginia Press, 2015.

Nynäs, Peter, Mike Lassander, and Terhi Utriainen, eds. Post-Secular Society. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2012. 

Pecora, Vincent. Secularization and Cultural Criticism: Religion, Nation, and Modernity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Rorty, Richard and Gianni Vattimo. The Future of Religion. Ed. Santiago Zabala. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005.

Said, Edward. The World, the Text, and the Critic. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1983.

Taylor, Charles. A Secular Age. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.

Warner, Michael, Jonathan Van Antwerpen, and Craig Calhoun, eds. Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010.

Literary Theory and Christian Theology

Bulhof, Ilse N. and Laurens ten Kate, eds. Flight of the Gods: Philosophical Perspectives on Negative Theology. New York: Fordham University Press, 2000. 

Cunningham, Valentine. In the Reading Gaol: Postmodernity, Texts, and History. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 1994.

Fackethal, Jeremy, ed. Theopoetic Folds: Philosophizing Multifariousness. New York: Fordham University Press, 2013.

Fiddes, Paul S. Freedom and Limit: a Dialogue Between Literature and Christian Doctrine. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1999.

Hart, Kevin. The Trespass of the Sign: Deconstruction, Theology, and Philosophy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Ingraffia, Brian. Postmodern Theory and Biblical Theology: Vanquishing God’s Shadow. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Kim, Sharon. “Introduction to Theory and Theology in Chinese Literary Studies: An Early Map.” Christianity and Literature 68.1 (2018): 9-35.

Liu Xiaofeng. Sino-Theology and the Philosophy of History. A Collection of Essays by Liu Xiaofeng. Trans. Leopold Leeb. Boston: Brill, 2015.

Milbank, John. The Word Made Strange: Theology, Language, Culture. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 1997.

Mills, Kevin. Justifying Language: Paul and Contemporary Literary Theory. London: Macmillan, 1995.

Rambo, Shelly. “Haunted (by the) Gospel: Theology, Trauma, and Literary Theory in the Twenty-First Century.” PMLA. 125.4 (2010): 936-41.

Ramsay, Ian. Religious Language: An Empirical Placing of Theological Phrases. London: SCM Press, 1974.

Raschke, Carl A. Deconstruction and Theology. New York: Crossroad, 1982.

Sauter, Gerhard and Barton, John. Revelation and Story: Narrative Theology and the Centrality of Story. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2000.

Schwartz, Regina, ed. Transcendence: Philosophy, Literature, and Theology Approach the Beyond. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Ward, Graham. Theology and Contemporary Critical Theory. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Ward, Graham. Barth, Derrida, and the Language of Theology. Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Yang Huilin. “The Potential Value of Contemporary Theology for Literary Theories.” China, Christianity, and the Question of Culture. Ed. Cathy Zhang Jing. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2014. 99-111.

—–. Theological Hermeneutics: Word of God & Words of Man. Shanghai: Shanghai Translation Publishing House, 2002.

Theology and Literature

Detweiler, Robert, and Gregory Salyer, eds. Literature and Theology at the Century’s End. Atlanta: Scholar’s Press, 1995. 

Domestico, Anthony. Poetry and Theology in the Modernist Period. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017.

Fiddes, Paul. The Promised End: Eschatology in Theology and Literature. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2000.

Hampson, Peter,  Zoë Lehmann Imfeld, Alison Milbank, eds. Theology and Literature after Postmodernity. London: Bloomsbury and T&T Clark, 2015.

Jasper, David. Literature and Theology as a Grammar of Assent. Farnham: Ashgate, 2016.

Jasper, David, ed. Postmodernism, Literature, and the Future of Theology. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1993.

Haas, Andrew, David Jasper, and Elisabeth Jay. The Oxford Handbook of English Literature and Theology. Oxford University Press, 2009.

Ortiz, Gaye Williams and Clara A.B. Joseph, eds. Theology and Literature: Rethinking Reader Responsibility. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Scott, Nathan, Jr.  The Broken Center: Studies in the Theological Horizons of Modern Literature. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1966.

Walton, Heather, Andrew W. Hass. Editors. Self/Same/Other: Re-visioning the Subject in Literature and Theology. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2000.

Walton, Heather. Editor. Literature and Theology: New Interdisciplinary Spaces. Farnham: Ashgate, 2011.

Wilder, Amos N. Theology and Modern Literature. Harvard University Press, 1958.

Wood, Ralph C. Literature and Theology. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 2008.

Wright, T. R. Theology and Literature. New York: Blackwell, 1988.


Bouchard, Larry D. “Religion and Literature: Four Theses and More.” Religion & Literature. 41.2 (2009): 12-19.

Brooks, Joanna. “Soul Matters.” PMLA. 128.4 (2013): 947-952.

Hart, Kevin. “‘Religion and Literature’?” Religion & Literature. 41.2 (2009): 143-147.

“Methods for the Study of Religion in Early American Literature.” Special issue. Early American Literature. 45.1 (2010).

Sassen, Saskia. “Organized Religions in Our Global Modernity.” PMLA 126.2 (2011): 455-59. 

Venard, Olivier-Thomas, OP. “‘Theology and Literature’: What is it About?” Religion &Literature. 41.2 (2009): 87-93.

Ziolkowski, Eric. “Axial Age Theorising and the Comparative Study of Religion and Literature.” Literature & Theology. 28.2 (2014): 129-150.

Ziolkowski, Eric. “Religion and Literature: History and Method.” Brill Research Perspectives in Religion and the Arts. 3.1 (2019): 1-112.

Religion and Literature (General)

Bevan, David. Literature and Spirituality. Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1992.

Blodgett, Jan. Protestant Evangelical Literary Culture and Contemporary Society. Westport, CN: Greenwood Press, 1997.

Boscaljon, Daniel, Alan Levinovitz. Editors. Teaching Religion and Literature. New York: Routledge, 2019.

Boyd, George N. Religion in Contemporary Fiction: Criticism from 1945 to the Present. San Antonio, TX: Trinity University Press, 1973.

Brown, Frank Burch, ed. The Oxford Handbook of Religion and the Arts. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Cooper, Ian and John Walker, eds. Literature and Religion in the German-Speaking World: from 1200 to the Present Day. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2019.

Coulson, John. Religion and Literature: ‘in aid of a grammar of assent’. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981.

Detweiler, Robert, ed. Art/Literature/ Religion: Life on the Borders. Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1983.

Detweiler, Robert and David Jasper, eds. Religion and Literature: a Reader. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2000.

Donoghue, Denis. Adam’s Curse: Reflections on Religion and Literature. University of Notre Dame Press, 2001.

Eliot, T.S. “Religion and Literature.” Selected Essays, 1917-1932. London: Faber & Faber, 1951. 388-401.

Frye, Roland. Perspective on Man: Literature and the Christian Tradition. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1961.

Gardner, Helen. Religion and Literature. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Gunn, Giles. The Interpretation of Otherness: Literature, Religion, and the American
. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Gunn, Giles B., ed. Literature and Religion. London: SCM Press, LTD, 1971.

Hesla, David H. “Religion and Literature: The Second Stage.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion. 46.2 (1978): 181-92.

Hiscock, Andrew, Helen Wilcox. Editors. The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern English Literature and Religion. Oxford: OUP, 2017.

Jasper, David. The Study of Literature and Religion: an Introduction. London: Macmillan, 1987.

Jasper, David, Guang-an Ou. Literature and Religion: A Dialogue between China and the West. Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications, 2020.

Knight, Mark. An Introduction to Religion and Literature. New York: Bloomsbury Continuum, 2009.

Kort, Wesley. Narrative Elements and Religious Meaning. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1975.

Küng, Hans, Walter Jens. Literature and Religion: Pascal, Gryphius, Lessing, Hölderlin, Novalis, Kierkegaard, Dostoyevsky, Kafka. Translated, Peter Heinegg. New York: Paragon House, 1991.

Leonard, Philip. Trajectories of Mysticism in Theory and Literature. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Mason, Emma, ed. Reading the Abrahamic Faiths: Rethinking Religion and Literature. New York : Bloomsbury Academic, 2015.

Middleton, Darren J. N. God, Literature and Process Thought. Farnham: Ashgate, 2002.

Neuhauser, Richard G., John A Alford. Editors. Literature and Religion in the Later Middle Ages. Philological Studies in Honor of Siegfried Wenzel. New York: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1995.

Smith, Matthew J. and Caleb D. Spencer, eds. Literature and Religious Experience: Beyond Belief and Unbelief. London: Bloomsbury, 2022.

Tennyson, G.B., Jr. and Edward E. Ericson, eds. Religion and Modern Literature: Essays in Theory and Criticism. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdman’s, 1975.

Yu, Anthony C. Comparative Journeys: Essays on Literature and Religion East and West. NY: Columbia UP, 2009.

Ziolkowski, Eric. “Axial Age Theorising and the Comparative Study of Religion and Literature.” Literature & Theology. 28.2 (2014): 129-150.

Ziolkowski, Eric. “Religion and Literature: History and Method.” Brill Research Perspectives in Religion and the Arts. 3.1 (2019): 1-112.

——. Religion and Literature: History and Method. Leiden: Brill, 2020.

Ziolkowski, Eric Jozef, and Anthony C. Yu. Literature, Religion, and East/West Comparison. Newark, NJ: University of Delaware Press, 2005.

Religious Criticism

Bloom, Harold. The American Religion. New York: Simon, 1992.

Branch, Lori. “Conclusion: On the Religiousness of Criticism.” Rituals of Spontaneity: Sentiment and Secularism from Free Prayer to Wordsworth. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2006. 211-225. 

Cary, Norman Reed. Christian Criticism in the Twentieth Century: Theological Approaches to Literature. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1975.

Murphy, Michael P. A Theology of Criticism: Balthasar, Postmodernism, and the Catholic Imagination. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Said, Edward. “Conclusion: Religious Criticism.” The World, the Text, and the Critic. Harvard University Press, 1983. 290-292.

Religious Ways of Reading 

Griffiths, Paul J. Religious Reading. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Barratt, David, Roger Pooley, and Leland Ryken. The Discerning Reader: Christian Perspectives on Literature and Theory. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1995. 

Detweiler, Robert. Breaking the Fall: Religious Readings of Contemporary Fiction. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1989.

Ferretter, Luke. Towards a Christian Literary Theory. London: Palgrave, 2003.

Handelman, Susan. The Slayers of Moses: The Emergence of Rabbinic Interpretation in Modern Literary Theory. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1982.

Jacobs, Alan. A Theology of Reading: the Hermeneutics of Love. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2001.

Jeff, Humphries. Reading Emptiness: Buddhism and Literature. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1999.

Jeffrey, David Lyle. Houses of the Interpreter: Reading Scripture, Reading Culture. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2003.

—–. People of the Book: Christian Identity and Literary Culture. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdman’s Press, 1996.

Lundin, Roger. The Culture of Interpretation: Christian Faith and the Postmodern World. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdman’s, 1993.

Oehlschlaeger, Fritz. Love and Good Reasons: Postliberal Approaches to Christian Ethics and Literature. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003.

Vanhoozer, Kevin J. Is There a Meaning in This Text?  The Bible, the Reader, and the Morality of Literary Knowledge. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1998.  

Poetry and Poetics

Bloom, Harold. Ruin the Sacred Truths: Poetry and Belief from the Bible to the Present. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1989.

Bockting, Ineke, Jennifer Kilgore-Caradec, Cathy Parcs. Editors. Poetry and Religion: Figures of the Sacred. Bern: Peter Lang, 2013.

Buckley, Vincent. Poetry and the Sacred. London: Chatto and Windus, 1968.

Daiches, David. God and the Poets. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984.

Edwards, Michael. Toward a Christian Poetics. London: Macmillan, 1984.

Fisch, Harold. Poetry with a Purpose: Biblical Poetics and Interpretation. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988.

Franke, William. Poetry and Apocalypse: Theological Disclosures of Poetic Language. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2008.

——. Secular Scriptures: Modern Theological Poetics in the Wake of Dante. Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University Press, 2016.

Hart, Kevin. Poetry and Revelation: For a Phenomenology of Religious Poetry. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2017.

Jasper, David, Geng Youzhuang, Wang Hai. Editors. A Poetics of Translation: Between Chinese and English Literature. Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2016.

Myers, Benjamin P. A Poetics of Orthodoxy: Christian Truth as Aesthetic Foundation. Wipf and Stock, 2021.

Milbank, John. “A Christological Poetics.” The Word Made Strange: Theology, Language, Culture. Oxford:, UK Blackwell, 1997. 123-144.

Read, Sophie. Eucharist and the Poetic Imagination in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Ritchie, Daniel E. Reconstructing Literature in an Ideological Age: A Biblical Poetics and Literary Studies from Milton to Burke. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1996.

Santayana, George. Interpretations of Poetry and Religion. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1900.

Scott, Nathan A., Jr. The Poetics of Belief. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.

Scott, Nathan, Jr., ed. The New Orpheus: Essays Toward a Christian Poetics. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1964. 

Wilder, Amos. Theopoetic: Theology and the Religious Imagination. Philadelphia, PA: Fortress Press, 1976.

Wimsatt, W.K., Jr. “Poetry and Christian Thinking.” Thought: Fordham University Quarterly. 26:2 (1951): pp.219-232.

Religious Imagination

Hawley, J., ed. Through a Glass Darkly: Essays in the Religious Imagination. New York: Fordham University Press, 1996.

Lynch, William F., SJ. Christ and Apollo: The Dimensions of the Literary Imagination. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1960.

Knight, Mark and Lee, Louise, eds. Religion, Literature, and the Imagination: Sacred Worlds. New York: Continuum, 2010.


Abrams, M.H., ed. Literature and Belief. New York: Columbia University Press, 1958.

Vattimo, Gianni. Belief. Trans. Luca D’Isanto and David Webb. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999.

Žižek, Slavoj. On Belief. New York: Routledge, 2001.

The Bible

Alter, Robert. The Art of Biblical Narrative. New York: Basic Books, 1981.

——. The Art of Biblical Poetry. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1985.

——. Canon and Creativity: Modern Writing and the Authority of Scripture. Yale University Press, 2000.

Alter, Robert and Frank Kermode, eds. The Literary Guide to the Bible. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990.

apRoberts, Ruth. The Biblical Web. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994.

Briggs, Richard S. The Virtuous Reader: Old Testament Narrative and Interpretive Virtue. Grand Rapids: BakerAcademic, 2010.

Carruthers, Jo, Mark Knight, and Andrew Tate, eds. Literature and the Bible, a Reader. New York: Routledge, 2013.

Dillistone, F. W. The Novelist and the Passion Story. London: Collins, 1960.

Dyas, Dee, Esther Hughes. The Bible in Western Culture: The Student’s Guide. London: Routledge, 2005.

Exum, J., Cheryl, Stephen D. Moore. Editors. Biblical Studies/Cultural Studies: The Third Sheffield Colloquium. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998.

Frei, Hans. The Eclipse of Biblical Narrative: A Study in Eighteenth and Nineteenth-Century Hermeneutics. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1974.

Frye, Northrup. The Great Code: The Bible and Literature. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1982.

——. Words With Power: Being a Second Study of “The Bible and Literature.” San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1990.

Gálik, Márian. Influence, Translation, and Parallels: Selected Studies on the Bible in China. Intro. Irene Eber. Sankt Augustin, Germany: Monumenta Serica Institute, 2004.

Hartman, Geoffrey and Sanford Budick, eds. Midrash and Literature. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1986.

Henn, T. R. The Bible as Literature. London: Lutterworth Press, 1970.

Jack, Alison M. The Prodigal Son in English and American Literature. Oxford: OUP, 2019.

Jasper, David. The New Testament and the Literary Imagination. London: Macmillan, 1987. 

Jasper, David and Stephen Prickett, eds. The Bible and Literature: A Reader. 1999.

Jeffrey, David Lyle. Scripture and the English Poetic Imagination. Baker Academic, 2019.

Jeffrey, David Lyle. General Editor. A Dictionary of the Bible Tradition in English Literature. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. 1992.

Jobling, David, Tina Pippin, and Ronald Schleifer, eds. The Postmodern Bible Reader. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 2001.

Kermode, Frank. The Genesis of Secrecy: on the Interpretation of Narrative. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1980.

Kort, Wesley. Story, Text, and Scripture: Literary Interests in Biblical Narrative. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1988.

—–. Take, Read: Scripture, Textuality, and Cultural Practice. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996.

Lemon, Rebecca, Emma Mason, Jonathan Roberts, Christopher Rowland. Editors. The Blackwell Companion to the Bible in English Literature. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. 

Levy, Shimon. The Bible as Theatre. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2000.

Manser, Martin H. Critical Companion to the Bible: A Literary Reference. New York: Facts on File, 2009.

Moore, Stephen D. Literary Criticism and the Gospels. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989.

Norton, David. A History of the Bible as Literature. 2 Volumes. Cambridge: CUP, 1993.

Parizet, Sylvie. Editor. La Bible dans les littératures du monde. 2 Volumes. Paris: Cerf, 2016.

Prickett, Stephen. Words and the Word: Language, Poetics, and Biblical Interpretation. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Prickett, Stephen. Editor. The Edinburgh Companion to the Bible and the Arts. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2014.

Rogerson, John, ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible. Oxford: OUP, 2001.

Rosenberg, David, ed. Congregation: Contemporary Writers Read the Jewish Bible. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1987.

Ryken, Leland. The New Testament and Literary Criticism. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing, 1985.

Ryken, Leland and Tremper Longman III, eds. The Complete Literary Guide to the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1993.

Sawyer, John F. Editor. The Blackwell Companion to the Bible and Culture. Oxford: Blackwell, 2006.

Schwartz, Regina M. The Book and the Text: The Bible and Literary Theory. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1990.

Spencer, Richard A. Orientation by Disorientation: Studies in Literary Criticism and Biblical Literary Criticism. Pittsburgh: The Pickwick Press, 1980.

Starr, Chloë. Reading Christian Scriptures in China. New York: T&T Clark, Continuum, 2008.

Sternberg, Meir. The Poetics of Biblical Narrative: Ideological Literature and the Drama of Reading.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

Sugirtharajah, R. S. Postcolonial Criticism and Biblical Interpretation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Vance, Norman. Bible and Novel: Narrative Authority and the Death of God. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Wadsworth, Michael, ed. Ways of Reading the Bible. Brighton: Harvester Press, 1981.

Ziolkowski, Theodore. Fictional Transfigurations of Jesus. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1972.

The Qur’an

Arberry, Arthur J. The Koran Interpreted. London: Allen & Unwin, 1955.

Bellamy, James A. “Textual Criticism of the Qur’an.” Encyclopedia of the Qur’an. Ed. Jane Dammen McAuliffe. Vol. 5. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

Cuypers, Michel. The Banquet: A Reading of the Fifth Sura of the Qur’an. Miami: Convivium, 2009.

Hoffman, Thomas. The Poetic Qur’an: Studies on Qur’anic Poeticity. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2007.

Johns, Anthony H. “The Qur’an: Some Literary Perspectives.” Australian Religious Studies Review 6.1 (1996): 24-37.

Larkin, Margaret. “The Inimitability of the Qur’an: Two Perspectives.” Religion and Literature. 20.1 (1988): 31-47.

Mir, Mustansir. Coherence in the Qur’an: A Study of Islahi’s Concept of Nazm in Tadabhur-i Qur’an. Indianapolis: American Trust Publications, 1986.

——-. “Dialogue in the Qur’an.” Religion and Literature 24.1 (1992): 1-22.

——-. “Some Figures of Speech in the Qur’an.” Religion and Literature 20.3 (1008): 31-48.

——-. “The Qur’an as Literature.” Religion and Literature 20.1 (1988): 49-64.

——-. Verbal Idioms of the Qur’an. Ann Arbor, MI: Center for Near Eastern and North African Studies, University of Michigan, 1989.

Reynolds, Gabriel Said, ed. The Qur’an in Its Historical Context. New York: Routledge, 2008.

Rippin, Andrew. “The Qur’an as Literature: Perils, Pitfalls and Prospects.” British Society for Middle Eastern Studies Bulletin. 10 (1983): 38:47. 

——-. “Literary Analysis of Qur’an, Sira and Tafsir: The Methodologies of John Wansbrough.” Approaches to Islam in Religious Studies. Ed. R.C. Martin. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1985. 151-163. 

Rippin, Andrew, ed. Approaches to the History of the Interpretation of the Qur’an. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988.

Robinson, Neal. Discovering the Qur’an: A Contemporary Approach to a Veiled Text. 2nd ed. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2003.

Sells, Michael A. “Sound, Spirit and Gender in the Qur’an.” Approaching the Qur’an: The Early Revelations. Ashland, OR: White Cloud Press, 1999. 145-207.

Stewart, Devin J. “Understanding the Koran in English: Notes on Translation, Form, and Prophetic Typology.” Diversity in Language: Contrastive Studies in English and Arabic Theoretical and Applied Linguistics. Ed. Zeinab Ibrahim, Nagwa Kasabgy, and Sabiha Aydelott. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2000. 31-48.

Toorawa, Shawkat M. “Hapless Hapaxes and Luckless Rhymes: The Qur’an as Literature.” Religion and Literature. 41.2 (2009): 221-227.

——. “Modern Arabic Literature and the Qur’an: Creativity, Inimitability…Incompatibilities?” Religious Perspectives in Modern Muslim and Jewish Literatures. Eds. Glenda Abramson and Hilary Kilpatrick. London: Routledge, 2005. 239-257.

Poets and Novelists on Religion and Literature

Auden, W.H. “Postscript: Christianity and Art.” The Dyer’s Hand and Other Essays. New
York: Random House, 1962. 456-461.

Eliot, T.S. “Religion and Literature.” Selected Essays, 1917-1932. London: Faber &
Faber, 1951. 388-401.

Hill, Geoffrey. “Poetry and ‘Menace’ and ‘Atonement.'” The Lords of Limit. Collected Critical Writings. Ed. Kenneth Haynes. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. 1-20.

—–. Style and Faith. New York: Counterpoint, 2003.

O’Connor, Flannery. Mystery and Manners. [1961] Ed. Sally and Robert Fitzgerald. New York: Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, 1995. See “The Church and the Fiction Writer,” “Novelist and Believer,” and “Catholic Novelists and Their Readers.”

Tolstoy, Leo. What is Art? [1897] Translated by Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky.
London: Penguin, 1997.

Theology (Modern theological works engaged within literary studies)

Barth, Karl. The Word of God and the Word of Man. Trans. Douglas Horton. The Pilgrim Press, 1928.

Caputo, John D. The Weakness of God: A Theology of the Event. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006.

Milbank, John, Catherine Pickstock, Graham Ward, eds. Radical Orthodoxy: A New Theology. New York: Routledge, 1999.

Moltmann, Jürgen. Theology of Hope: On the Ground and the Implications of a Christian Eschatology. London: SCM, 1967.

Niebuhr, H. Richard. Christ and Culture. New York: Harper, 1951.

Nygren, Anders. Agape and Eros. 1930. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

Otto, Rudolph. The Idea of the Holy: An Inquiry into the Non-Rational Factor in the Divine and its Relation to the Rational. Trans. John W. Harvey. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1952.

Rahner, Karl. Theological Investigations. New York: Crossroad, 1974-1992. Including the essay “Poetry and the Christian.” 

Tillich, Paul. The Dynamics of Faith. New York: Harper & Row, 1957.

Von Balthasar, Hans Urs. The Glory of the Lord: A Theological Aesthetics. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1982-1986.

Volf, Miroslav. Exclusion and Embrace: A Theological Exploration of Identity, Otherness, and Reconciliation. Abingdon, 1996.

Williams, Rowan. “Poetic and Religious Imagination.” Theology 80 (1977): 178– 187.

This bibliography was compiled by Sharon Kim and is under continual development.